Volume 5 Issue 3
Jun.  2016
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents

Hu Cheng, Liu Changjiang, Zeng Tao. Bistatic Forward Scattering Radar Detection and Imaging[J]. Journal of Radars, 2016, 5(3): 229-243. doi: 10.12000/JR16058
Citation: Hu Cheng, Liu Changjiang, Zeng Tao. Bistatic Forward Scattering Radar Detection and Imaging[J]. Journal of Radars, 2016, 5(3): 229-243. doi: 10.12000/JR16058

Bistatic Forward Scattering Radar Detection and Imaging

doi: 10.12000/JR16058
Funds:

The National Natural Science Foundation of China (61120106004, 61225005), The 111 Project of China (B14010)

  • Received Date: 2016-03-17
  • Rev Recd Date: 2016-05-16
  • Publish Date: 2016-06-28
  • Forward Scattering Radar (FSR) is a special type of bistatic radar that can implement image detection, imaging, and identification using the forward scattering signals provided by the moving targets that cross the baseline between the transmitter and receiver. Because the forward scattering effect has a vital significance in increasing the targets' Radar Cross Section (RCS), FSR is quite advantageous for use in counter stealth detection. This paper first introduces the front line technology used in forward scattering RCS, FSR detection, and Shadow Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (SISAR) imaging and key problems such as the statistical characteristics of forward scattering clutter, accurate parameter estimation, and multitarget discrimination are then analyzed. Subsequently, the current research progress in FSR detection and SISAR imaging are described in detail, including the theories and experiments. In addition, with reference to the BeiDou navigation satellite, the results of forward scattering experiments in civil aircraft detection are shown. Finally, this paper considers future developments in FSR target detection and imaging and presents a new, promising technique for stealth target detection.
  • loading
  • [1] Skolnik M I. RADAR Handbook[M]. 2nd Edition.New York: McGraw Hill, 1990.
    [2] 郦能敬. 雷达反对抗的新领域反隐身飞机与对抗反雷达导弹[J]. 电子学报, 1987, 15(2): 98-104. Li N J. Radar ECCM's new area: anti-stealth and anti-ARM[J]. Acta Electronica Sinica, 1987, 15(2): 98-104.
    [3] Willis N J. Bistatic Radar[M]. Boston, MA: Artech House Inc, 1991.
    [4] Cherniakov M. Bistatic Radar: Principles and Practice[M]. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons Ltd, 2007: 395-408.
    [5] 杨振起, 张永顺, 骆永军. 双/多基地雷达系统[M]. 北京: 国防工业出版社, 1998. Yang Z Q, Zhang Y S, and Luo Y J. Bistatic (Multistatic) Radar Systems[M]. Beijing: National Defense Industry Press, 1998.
    [6] Max B and Emil W.Principle of Optics[M]. 6th Editon. New York: Pergamon Press Inc, 1980: 375-380.
    [7] Li N J. Radar EECMs new area: anti-stealth and anti-onARM[J]. IEEE Transactions Aerospace and Electronic Systems, 1995, 31(3): 1120-1127.
    [8] Blyakhman A B and Runova I A. Forward scattering radiolocation bistatic RCS and target detection[C]. IEEE International Radar Conference, Waltham, USA, 1999: 203-208.
    [9] Myakinkov A V. Optimal detection of high-velocity targets in forward scattering radar[C]. 5th International Conference on Antenna Theory and Techniques, Kyiv, Ukraine, 2005: 345-347.
    [10] Myakinkov A V and Ryndyk A G. Space-time processing in three-dimensional forward scattering radar[C]. 4th International Conference on Antenna Theory and Techniques, Sevastopol, Ukraine, 2003: 355-358.
    [11] Blyakhman A B, Ryndyk A G, and Sidorov S B. Forward scattering radar moving object coordinate measurement[C]. IEEE International Radar Conference,Alexandria, VA,USA, 2000: 678-682.
    [12] Koch V and Westphal R. A new approach to a multistatic passive radar sensor for air defense[C]. IEEE International Radar Conference, Alexandria,VA,USA, 1995: 22-28.
    [13] Suberviola I, Mayordomo I, and Mendizabal J. Experimental results of air target detection with a GPS forward-scattering radar[J]. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2012, 9(1): 47-51.
    [14] Antoniou M, Sizov V, Hu C, et al.. The concept of a forward scattering micro-sensors radar network for situational awareness[C]. 2008 IEEE Radar Conference, Rome, Italy, 2008: 171-176.
    [15] Sizov V, Cherniakov M, and Antoniou M. Forward scattering radar power budget analysis for ground targets[J]. IET Radar, Sonar Navigation, 2007, 1(6): 437-446.
    [16] Cherniakov M, Abdullah R, Jancovic P, et al.. Automatic ground target classification using forward scattering radar[J]. IEE Proceedings-Radar, Sonar and Navigation, 2006, 153(5): 427-437.
    [17] Abdullah R, Saripan M I, and Cherniakov M. Neural network based for automatic vehicle classification inforward scattering radar[C]. IET International Conference on Radar Systems, Edinburgh, UK, 2007: 1-5.
    [18] Marina G, Liam D, Vladimir S, et al.. Phenomenology of Doppler forward scatter radar for surface targets observation[J]. IET Radar, Sonar Navigation, 2013, 7(4): 422-432.
    [19] Chapurskiy V V. Restoration of images of object from one-dimensional radio holograms synthesized at small diffraction angles[J]. Radiotekhnika i Elektronika, 1988, 33(8): 1747-1756.
    [20] Surikov B S, Khasina E A, and Chapurskiy V V. Correlation and spectral functions of one-dimensional radio holograms synthesized at small diffraction angles[J]. Radiotekhnika i Elektronika, 1989, 34(2): 409-419.
    [21] Chapurskiy V V and Sablin V N. SISAR: shadow inverse synthetic aperture radiolocation[C]. IEEE International Radar Conference,Alexandria, VA, USA, 2000: 322-328.
    [22] Stanislav H, Liam D, and Edward H. Target shadow profile reconstruction in ground-based forward scatter radar[C]. IEEE International Radar Conference, Arlington,VA, USA, 2015: 846-851.
    [23] 张涛, 张群, 罗斌凤, 等. 基于时频分析的双基地前向散射雷达侧影成像[J]. 电子学报, 2001, 29(6): 726-731. Zhang T, Zhang Q, Luo B F, et al.. Shadow imaging for bistatic radar based on forward scattering by joint time frequency analysis[J]. Acta Electronica Sinica, 2001, 29(6): 726-731.
    [24] 张涛, 罗永健, 张群, 等. SISAR侧影像的校正及特征提取[J]. 电子与信息学报, 2002, 24(11): 1634-1640. Zhang T, Luo Y J, Zhang Q, et al.. Calibration and extraction of features for SISAR shadow image[J]. Journal of Electronics Information Technology, 2002, 24(11): 1634-1640.
    [25] 罗斌凤, 张冠杰, 张守宏. SISAR中运动目标全息信号的表达及仿真研究[J]. 电子与信息学报, 2003, 25(10): 1315-1320. Luo B F, Zhang G J, and Zhang S H. The expression and simulation of radio hologram signal for the moving object in SISAR[J]. Journal of Electronics Information Technology, 2003, 25(10): 1315-1320.
    [26] 罗斌凤, 张守宏, 张涛, 等. SISAR侧影轮廓中线相位重构及其识别特征提取[J]. 电子学报, 2004, 32(3): 368-372. Luo B F, Zhang S H, Zhang T, et al.. Shadow profile midline phase reconstruction and its identification features extraction for SISAR[J]. Acta Electronica Sinica, 2004, 32(3): 368-372.
    [27] 曹运合, 张涛, 罗斌凤, 等. 前向散射雷达目标成像实验研究[J]. 现代雷达, 2009, 31(1): 18-21. Cao Y H, Zhang T, Luo B F, et al.. Experimental imaging results for forward scattering hedge radar[J]. Modern Radar, 2009, 31(1): 18-21.
    [28] Luo Y, Hu D L, Luo B F, et al.. Motion compensation for SISAR based on contrast maximization[C]. 1st Asian and Pacific Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar, Huangshan, China, 2007: 431-434.
    [29] Cao Y H, Zhang T, Luo B F, et al.. Experimental results for shadow inverse synthetic aperture radar[C]. 2009 IET Radar Conference, Guilin, China, 2009: 1-3.
    [30] 胡程, 王力, 刘长江. 基于GNSS信号的前向散射无源探测系统研究[C]. 中国电子学会第二十一届青年学术年会, 西安, 2015: 273-281. Hu C, Wang L, and Liu C J. Forward scatter radar for passive detection based on GNSS signal[C]. 21st CIE-youth Conference, Xi'an, China, 2015: 273-281.
    [31] Hiatt R E, Siegel K M, and Weil H. Forward scattering of coated objects illuminated by short wavelength radar[J]. Proceedings of the IRE, 1960, 48(9): 1630-1635.
    [32] Glaser J I. Bistatic RCS of complex objects near forward scatter[J]. IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, 1985, 21(1): 70-78.
    [33] Glaser J I. Some results in the bistatic Radar Cross Section (RCS) of complex objects[J]. Proceedings of the IRE, 1989, 77(5): 639-648.
    [34] 胡程. 短基线前向散射雷达系统理论与信号处理方法研究[D]. [博士论文], 北京理工大学, 2009. Hu C. Research on system theory and signal processing method in short baseline forward scattering radar[D]. [Ph.D. dissertation], Beijing Institute of Technology, 2009.
    [35] Hu C, Long T, Zeng T, et al.. Physical modeling and spectrum spread analysis of surface clutter in forward scattering radar[J]. SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences, 2010, 53(11): 2310-2322.
    [36] Hu C, Long T, and Zeng T. Statistic characteristic analysis of forward scattering surface clutter in bistatic radar[J]. SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences, 2010, 53(12): 2675-2686.
    [37] Zhang C F, Liu C J, Hu C, et al.. Statistical analysis and simulation method of forward scattering clutter in bistatic radar[C]. 2013 IET Radar Conference, Xi'an, China, 2013: 1-6.
    [38] 胡程, 刘长江, 曾涛, 等. 双基地前向散射雷达杂波分析与模拟方法[J]. 信号处理, 2013, 29(3): 293-303. Hu C, Liu C J, Zeng T, et al.. Statistical analysis and simulation method of forward scattering clutter in bistatic radar[J]. Journal of Signal Processing, 2013, 29(3): 293-303.
    [39] Hu C, Antoniou M, Cherniakov M, et al.. Quasi-optimal signal processing in ground forward scattering radar[C]. IEEE Radar Conference, Rome, Italy, 2008: 1-6.
    [40] Long T, Hu C, and Cherniakov M. Ground moving target signal model and power calculation in forward scattering micro radar[J]. SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences, 2009, 52(9): 1704-1714.
    [41] Hu C, Li X L, and Cherniakov M. Analysis of signal characteristic and resolution in ground forward scattering radar[C]. IEEE International Conference on Signal Processing, Beijing, China, 2010: 1969-1972.
    [42] Hu Cheng, Sizov V, Antoniou M, et al.. Optimal signal processing in ground-based forward scatter micro radars[J]. IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, 2012, 48(4): 3006-3026.
    [43] Zeng T, Hu C, Cherniakov M, et al.. Joint parameter estimation and Cramer-Raobound analysis in ground-based forward scatter radar[J]. EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, 2012. doi:  10.1186/1687-6180-2012-80.
    [44] Hu C, Zeng T, Zhou C, et al.. Accurate three-dimensional tracking method in bistatic forward scatter radar[J]. EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, 2013. doi:  10.1186/1687-6180-2013-66.
    [45] Zhou C, Hu C, Liu X R, et al.. Analysis of primary parameters estimation with space time processing in forward scatter radar[C]. 2013 IET Radar Conference, Xi'an, China, 2013: 1-5.
    [46] Liu C J, Hu C, Zhang K, et al.. A method for robust track initialization in forward scatter radar[C]. 2015 IEEE Radar Conference, Arlington, VA, USA, 2015: 450-454.
    [47] Liu C J, Wang L, Wang M Q, et al.. Measurement estimation in forward scatter radar with a planar array[C]. 2015 IET International Radar Conference, Hangzhou, China, 2015: 1-6.
    [48] 刘长江, 胡程, 曾涛, 等. 一种基于相位补偿的前向散射雷达阴影逆合成孔径快速成像方法[J]. 电子与信息学报, 2015, 37(10): 2294-2299. Liu C J, Hu C, Zeng T, et al.. Fast forward scatter shadow inverse synthetic aperture radar imaging algorithm based on phase compensation[J]. Journal of Electronics Information Technology, 2015, 37(10): 2294-2299.
    [49] Zhou C, Zhu C Y, Hu C, et al.. Accuracy analysis of SISAR imaging algorithm in forward scatter radar[C]. International Conference on Wireless Communication and Signal Processing, Huangshan, China, 2012: 1-5.
    [50] 胡程, 周超. 前向散射阴影逆合成孔径雷达成像误差分析[J]. 电子与信息学报, 2013, 35(5): 1103-1107. Hu C and Zhou C. Analysis of forward scattering shadow inverse synthetic aperture radar imaging algorithm[J]. Journal of Electronics Information Technology, 2013, 35(5): 1103-1107.
    [51] Li X L, Hu C, Zhu Y, et al.. The imaging research of the ground moving targets in forward scattering radar[C]. IEEE International Conference on Signal Processing, Beijing, China, 2010: 2019-2022.
    [52] Zeng T, Li X, Hu C, et al.. Investigation on accurate signal modeling and imaging of the moving target in ground-based forward scatter radar[J]. IET Radar, Sonar Navigation, 2011, 5(8): 862-870.
    [53] Liu C J, Hu C, Xu J, et al.. Modified signal modeling and imaging method of non-perpendicular crossing targets in forward scatter radar[C]. 2014 IEEE Radar Conference, Cincinnati, OH, USA, 2014: 291-295.
    [54] Li X L, Hu C, Zeng D Z, et al.. Investigation of the SISAR imaging of the ground moving target under multipath interference[C]. 2011 IEEE Radar Conference, Kansas,MO, USA, 2011: 157-161.
    [55] Hu C, Li X L, Long T, et al.. An accurate SISAR imaging method of groundmoving target in forward scatter radar[J]. SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences, 2012, 55(10): 2269-2280.
    [56] 陈新亮, 胡程, 曾涛. 一种基于前向散射雷达的车辆目标自动识别方法[J]. 中国科学: 信息科学, 2012, 42(11): 1471-1480. Chen X L, Hu C, and Zeng T. Automatic vehicle classification based on forward scattering radar[J].SCIENTIA SINICA Informationis,, 2012, 42(11): 1471-1480.
    [57] Zeng D Z, Li X L, and Hu C. Effect of the polarization on SISAR imaging and feature recognition in forward scattering radar[C]. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium,Honolulu, HI USA, 2010: 1613-1616.
    [58] 李晓良, 胡程, 曾涛. 多极化前向散射RCS分析及其对目标分类识别的影响[J]. 电子与信息学报, 2010, 32(9): 2191-2196. Li X L, Hu C, and Zeng T. The analysis of multi-polarization forward scattering RCS and the effect on target classification and identification[J]. Journal of Electronics Information Technology, 2010, 32(9): 2191-2196.
    [59] Hu C, Zhou C, Zhu C Y, et al.. Forward scatter radar SISAR imaging: theory and primary experimental results analysis[C]. 14th International Radar Symposium, Dresden, Germany, 2013: 643-648.
    [60] Hu C, Zhou C, Zeng T, et al.. Radio holography signal reconstruction and shadow inverse synthetic aperture radar imaging in ground-based forward scatter radar: theory and experimental results[J]. IET Radar, Sonar Navigation, 2014, 8(8): 907-916.
  • 加载中
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Article views(1634) PDF downloads(2447) Cited by()

Proportional views
Related

Bistatic Forward Scattering Radar Detection and Imaging

doi: 10.12000/JR16058
Funds:

The National Natural Science Foundation of China (61120106004, 61225005), The 111 Project of China (B14010)

Abstract: Forward Scattering Radar (FSR) is a special type of bistatic radar that can implement image detection, imaging, and identification using the forward scattering signals provided by the moving targets that cross the baseline between the transmitter and receiver. Because the forward scattering effect has a vital significance in increasing the targets' Radar Cross Section (RCS), FSR is quite advantageous for use in counter stealth detection. This paper first introduces the front line technology used in forward scattering RCS, FSR detection, and Shadow Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (SISAR) imaging and key problems such as the statistical characteristics of forward scattering clutter, accurate parameter estimation, and multitarget discrimination are then analyzed. Subsequently, the current research progress in FSR detection and SISAR imaging are described in detail, including the theories and experiments. In addition, with reference to the BeiDou navigation satellite, the results of forward scattering experiments in civil aircraft detection are shown. Finally, this paper considers future developments in FSR target detection and imaging and presents a new, promising technique for stealth target detection.

Hu Cheng, Liu Changjiang, Zeng Tao. Bistatic Forward Scattering Radar Detection and Imaging[J]. Journal of Radars, 2016, 5(3): 229-243. doi: 10.12000/JR16058
Citation: Hu Cheng, Liu Changjiang, Zeng Tao. Bistatic Forward Scattering Radar Detection and Imaging[J]. Journal of Radars, 2016, 5(3): 229-243. doi: 10.12000/JR16058
Reference (60)

Catalog

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint