超宽带雷达建筑物结构稀疏成像

金添 宋勇平

金添, 宋勇平. 超宽带雷达建筑物结构稀疏成像[J]. 雷达学报, 2018, 7(3): 275-284. doi: 10.12000/JR18031
引用本文: 金添, 宋勇平. 超宽带雷达建筑物结构稀疏成像[J]. 雷达学报, 2018, 7(3): 275-284. doi: 10.12000/JR18031
Jin Tian, Song Yongping. Sparse Imaging of Building Layouts in Ultra-wideband Radar[J]. Journal of Radars, 2018, 7(3): 275-284. doi: 10.12000/JR18031
Citation: Jin Tian, Song Yongping. Sparse Imaging of Building Layouts in Ultra-wideband Radar[J]. Journal of Radars, 2018, 7(3): 275-284. doi: 10.12000/JR18031

超宽带雷达建筑物结构稀疏成像

doi: 10.12000/JR18031
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(61271441,61372161)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    金添:金 添(1980–),男,国防科学技术大学,教授,博士生导师,主要从事隐蔽目标雷达成像与检测识别、新型微波传感器机理与系统实现等方面的研究工作。2009年获全国优秀博士学位论文奖,2010年入选教育部“新世纪优秀人才支持计划”,2014年获国际无线电科学联盟青年科学家奖。承担国家自然科学基金、武器装备探索等多项课题,获省部级科技进步一等奖1项、二等奖2项。“信号处理与系统”国家精品课程和资源共享课主讲教师,信号处理系列课程国家级教学团队主要成员。已发表论文100余篇,获授权国家发明专利5项,出版专著3部、译著1部、教材1部。E-mail: tianjin@nudt.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    金添   tianjin@nudt.edu.cn

Sparse Imaging of Building Layouts in Ultra-wideband Radar

Funds: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (61271441, 61372161)
  • 摘要: 超宽带雷达具备穿透墙体获得建筑物内部结构布局的能力,为建筑物内人员探测定位提供更丰富的信息。传统成像常存在较为严重的旁瓣,而且墙后目标成像位置也会受墙体影响而产生偏移。为提高成像质量,稀疏重构技术被引入穿墙成像领域,但传统方法对弱散射目标的重构概率较低。该文提出结合相干因子(Coherence Factor, CF)加权的稀疏重构方法,在稀疏重构提取支撑集的过程中,利用CF增强成像的结果来提高支撑集原子的正确性,降低稀疏重构过程中强散射目标旁瓣的影响,最终提高场景中弱散射目标的重构概率。同时建立了多层墙体位置校正模型,将场景校正放到稀疏重构之后进行,从而以较低的计算复杂度降低墙体定位误差。实测数据处理结果表明,相比于传统的稀疏成像方法,相同的数抽取比例下,该文提出的方法能够有效提高场景中弱散射目标重构概率,并将建筑物内部墙体定位误差降低至10 cm以内。

     

  • 图  1  MIMO雷达成像模型

    Figure  1.  MIMO radar image model

    图  2  贪婪法的一般流程

    Figure  2.  The general flow of greed methods

    图  3  CF处理过程

    Figure  3.  The procedure of CF

    图  4  多层墙体结构的建筑物成像示意图

    Figure  4.  The schematic of building layout imaging with multi-layer wall

    图  5  实验场景与全频点直接BP成像结果

    Figure  5.  The experimental scene and BP imaging result

    图  6  不同数据比例下GOMP与CF-GOMP重构结果对比

    Figure  6.  Comparison of GOMP and CF-GOMP reconstruction results under different data ratios

    图  7  校正前后全频点CF-GOMP重构结果中建筑物结构在y 轴上的分布对比

    Figure  7.  Comparison of the distribution of building structures on the y axis before (the blue dot line) and after (the red solid line) correction in CF-GOMP reconstruction with 100% data

    图  8  校正后的全频点CF-GOMP重构结果

    Figure  8.  Corrected CF-GOMP reconstruction result with 100% data

    表  1  各墙体校正前后y方向位置对比

    Table  1.   The position contrast on y axis before and after correction of each wall

    结构名称 校正前位置(m) 真实位置(m) 校正后位置(m) 校正前误差(m) 校正后误差(m)
    外墙1后沿 0.614 0.280 0.297 0.334 0.017
    内墙前沿 5.024 4.620 4.591 0.404 –0.029
    内墙后沿 5.254 4.760 4.793 0.494 0.033
    外墙2前沿 9.491 8.980 9.059 0.511 0.079
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-04-08
  • 修回日期:  2018-05-22
  • 刊出日期:  2018-06-28

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