光控电磁超材料研究进展

柏林 张信歌 蒋卫祥 崔铁军

柏林, 张信歌, 蒋卫祥, 等. 光控电磁超材料研究进展[J]. 雷达学报, 2021, 10(2): 240–258. doi: 10.12000/JR21013
引用本文: 柏林, 张信歌, 蒋卫祥, 等. 光控电磁超材料研究进展[J]. 雷达学报, 2021, 10(2): 240–258. doi: 10.12000/JR21013
BAI Lin, ZHANG Xin’ge, JIANG Weixiang, et al. Research progress of light-controlled electromagnetic metamaterials[J]. Journal of Radars, 2021, 10(2): 240–258. doi: 10.12000/JR21013
Citation: BAI Lin, ZHANG Xin’ge, JIANG Weixiang, et al. Research progress of light-controlled electromagnetic metamaterials[J]. Journal of Radars, 2021, 10(2): 240–258. doi: 10.12000/JR21013

光控电磁超材料研究进展

doi: 10.12000/JR21013
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(61890544),国家重点研发计划(2017YFA0700201)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    柏林:柏 林(1993–),女,吉林辽源人,东南大学博士研究生。主要研究方向为声学超材料、声电结合超材料、光控电磁超表面等。目前已发表SCI论文8篇,其中第一作者4篇。多次参加国内外学术会议。E-mail: nustbl@163.com

    张信歌(1991–),男,河南信阳人,东南大学博士研究生,主要研究方向为电磁超表面、基于超表面的新型功能器件和通信系统。目前以第一作者身份发表了9篇SCI论文,包括1篇《Nature Electronics》、2篇《Advanced Science》等。多次在国内外学术会议上做口头报告,获第1届全国超材料大会“研究生学术新人奖”。E-mail: xinge.zhang@qq.com

    蒋卫祥(1981–),男,江苏东台人,东南大学青年首席教授、博士生导师,中国电子学会高级会员、“青年科学家”俱乐部成员、中国材料学会超材料分会理事、IEEE Senior Member。2010年于东南大学毫米波国家重点实验室博士毕业后留校任教,主要研究方向为变换光学、透镜天线及可编程超表面。在《Nature Electronics》、《Advanced Materials》等学术刊物上发表SCI论文110余篇,合作撰写英文专著、中文专著各一本,研究成果曾多次被国际学术期刊选为“研究亮点”,所发表论文被国内外同行正面引用4300余次。曾获2011年教育部自然科学一等奖(排二),2014年国家自然科学二等奖(排三)、第十七届江苏省青年科技奖和2018年国家自然科学二等奖(排三),获国家自然科学基金优秀青年基金资助。E-mail: wxjiang81@seu.edu.cn

    崔铁军(1965–),男,中国科学院院士,东南大学首席教授,IEEE Fellow,研究方向为电磁超材料和计算电磁学。1993年获西安电子科技大学博士学位,1995—2002年先后任职德国洪堡学者、美国UIUC博士后和研究科学家。2001年受聘东南大学长江学者特聘教授;2002年获得国家杰出青年科学基金。2014年创建信息超材料新方向。发表学术论文500余篇,被引用35000余次、H因子93(谷歌学术)。研究成果入选2010年中国科学十大进展、2016年中国光学重要成果;获2011年教育部自然科学一等奖、2014年国家自然科学二等奖、2016年军队科学技术进步一等奖、2018年国家自然科学二等奖。E-mail: tjcui@seu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    蒋卫祥 wxjiang81@seu.edu.cn

    崔铁军 tjcui@seu.edu.cn

  • 责任主编:朱卫仁 Corresponding Editor: ZHU Weiren
  • 中图分类号: TN82

Research Progress of Light-controlled Electromagnetic Metamaterials

Funds: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (61890544), The National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFA0700201)
More Information
  • 摘要: 电磁超材料是由亚波长尺寸单元周期或非周期排列组成的人工结构,能对电磁波的频率、幅度、相位和极化等基本物理特征进行调控,突破了传统材料的限制,可实现很多自然界不存在的有趣物理现象及应用。过去二十余年,超材料因其强大的电磁调控能力一直是物理领域的研究热点。但无源超材料在电磁波调控中存在局限性,如工作频率固定、实现功能单一等。所以,可调有源超材料越来越受关注。通过引入有源元器件,超材料的功能可通过外部激励信号进行动态调控,在实际应用中具有重要意义。目前常用的控制方式包括电控、温控、光控和机械控制等,其中光控具有可远程调控、无接触式控制、调制速度快以及结构简单等优点。该文概述了近年来光控电磁超材料的研究进展,从直流、微波、太赫兹和光频段4种不同频段分别介绍现有光控超材料和超表面的工作,重点介绍其工作机制和应用场景,并对这一快速发展领域进行总结和展望。

     

  • 图  1  变换静电学超材料

    Figure  1.  Transformation direct-current metamaterials

    图  2  SRR结构的光控超材料

    Figure  2.  Light-controlled metamaterials with SRR structures

    图  3  1比特光控数字编码超表面[42]

    Figure  3.  1-bit light-controlled digital coding metasurface[42]

    图  4  光驱动可编程数字编码超表面[43]

    Figure  4.  Light-driven digital metasurface for programming electromagnetic functions[43]

    图  5  透射式光控编码超表面[44]

    Figure  5.  Light-controlled transmission-type digital coding metasurface[44]

    图  6  红外调控的可编程超表面的功能示意图[45]

    Figure  6.  Illustration of the infrared-controlled programmable metasurface[45]

    图  7  基于CW和SRR结构的EIT超材料

    Figure  7.  EIT metamaterials based on CW and SRR structures

    图  8  基于超材料的太赫兹光控吸收器

    Figure  8.  Light-controlled Terahertz absorbers based on metamaterials

    图  9  光控超材料传感器和光子自旋设备超表面

    Figure  9.  Light-controlled metamaterial sensor and spin-photonic devices based on metasurface

    图  10  基于GST的光控超表面[63]

    Figure  10.  Optically reconfigurable metasurface based on GST[63]

    图  11  动态颜色显示的钙钛矿纳米结构[65]

    Figure  11.  Perovskite nanostructure for dynamic color display[65]

    表  1  光控电磁超材料(超表面)特点总结表

    Table  1.   Summary of the characteristics of light-controlled electromagnetic metamaterials (metasurfaces)

    文献频率光控材料实现功能是否有实验结果
    [39]直流光敏电阻隐身斗篷与可调幻象设备
    [40]2.20~2.23 GHz光电二极管+变容二极管谐振频率可调
    [41]3 GHz左右光电二极管+变容二极管波束偏折、聚焦、发散
    [42]3.69~4.10 GHz光电二极管+变容二极管主波束与波束分裂的切换
    [43]5.2~7.6 GHz光电二极管+变容二极管微波外部隐身、电磁幻觉、动态涡旋波束调控
    [44]3.12 GHz, 5.72 GHz光电二极管+变容二极管透射状态切换
    [45]4.1~4.5 GHz红外接收模块+FPGA+变容二极管主波束与波束分裂
    [46]0.74 THz左右光敏材料硅电磁诱导透明效应可调
    [47]1.3 THz左右光敏材料硅电磁诱导透明效应可调
    [48]4.86~5.36 THz光敏材料硅多种谐振模式可切换
    [49]1.19~2.96 THz光敏材料砷化镓可调多频吸波器
    [50]0.518~1.514 THz光敏材料砷化镓+锗可调多频吸波器
    [51]0.645~1.716 THz光敏材料硅谐振峰可调
    [52]0.67 THz左右二氧化钒聚焦、发散、波束分裂、涡旋波发生器
    [56]远红外-中红外石墨烯等离子体共振可调
    [61]近红外-可见光锗锑碲合金透射反射率可调
    [63]近红外-可见光锗锑碲合金聚焦透镜焦距可调
    [65]可见光钙钛矿动态色彩显示
    [68]190.50~196.08 THz两束相干光脉冲恢复、相干滤波器和光对光调制器
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-02-19
  • 修回日期:  2021-03-29
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-04-25
  • 刊出日期:  2021-04-28

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