可重构电磁超表面及其应用研究进展

杨欢欢 曹祥玉 高军 李桐 李思佳 丛丽丽 赵霞

杨欢欢, 曹祥玉, 高军, 等. 可重构电磁超表面及其应用研究进展[J]. 雷达学报, 2021, 10(2): 206–219. doi: 10.12000/JR20137
引用本文: 杨欢欢, 曹祥玉, 高军, 等. 可重构电磁超表面及其应用研究进展[J]. 雷达学报, 2021, 10(2): 206–219. doi: 10.12000/JR20137
YANG Huanhuan, CAO Xiangyu, GAO Jun, et al. Recent advances in reconfigurable metasurfaces and their applications[J]. Journal of Radars, 2021, 10(2): 206–219. doi: 10.12000/JR20137
Citation: YANG Huanhuan, CAO Xiangyu, GAO Jun, et al. Recent advances in reconfigurable metasurfaces and their applications[J]. Journal of Radars, 2021, 10(2): 206–219. doi: 10.12000/JR20137

可重构电磁超表面及其应用研究进展

doi: 10.12000/JR20137
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(61671464, 61701523, 61801508),陕西省自然科学基础研究计划(2019JQ-103, 2020JM-350),陕西省青年人才托举计划(20200108),博士后创新人才支持计划(BX20180375),中国博士后科学基金面上项目(2019M653960)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    杨欢欢(1989–),男,河南驻马店人,博士后,副教授、硕士生导师。空军工程大学与清华大学联合培养博士生,2016年获博士学位,现担任空军工程大学信息与导航学院副教授。主要研究方向为相控阵天线、新型天线设计、人工电磁结构等,目前已发表论文50多篇。E-mail: jianye8901@126.com

    曹祥玉(1964–),女,河南南阳人,教授、博士生导师。1999年在空军工程大学获博士学位,现担任空军工程大学信息与导航学院教授。主要研究方向为天线与电磁兼容、人工电磁材料、计算电磁学等,目前已发表论文300多篇。E-mail: xiangyucaokdy@163.com

    高军:高 军(1962–),男,青海西宁人,教授、硕士生导师。1987年在空军工程大学获硕士学位,现担任空军工程大学信息与导航学院教授。主要研究方向为电磁超材料及其应用、高增益天线等,目前已发表论文100多篇。E-mail: gjgj9694@sina.com

    李桐:李 桐(1988–),女,陕西西安人,博士后,副教授。2015年获西安电子科技大学博士学位,现担任空军工程大学信息与导航学院副教授。主要研究方向为可重构天线、可重构超表面、天线RCS减缩技术等。E-mail: tongli8811@sina.com

    李思佳(1987–),男,陕西西安人,博士后,副教授、硕士生导师。2015年获空军工程大学博士学位,现担任空军工程大学信息与导航学院副教授。主要研究方向为人工电磁结构、天线RCS减缩技术等。E-mail: lsj051@126.com

    丛丽丽(1991–),女,山东文登人,博士,讲师。2015年获空军工程大学博士学位,现担任空军工程大学信息与导航学院讲师。主要研究方向为天线RCS减缩技术、新型电磁超表面等

    通讯作者:

    杨欢欢 jianye8901@126.com

    曹祥玉 xiangyucaokdy@163.com

  • 责任主编:李廉林 Corresponding Editor: LI Lianlin
  • 中图分类号: TN82

Recent Advances in Reconfigurable Metasurfaces and Their Applications

Funds: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (61671464, 61701523, 61801508), The Natural Science Basic Research Program of Shaanxi Province (2019JQ-103, 2020JM-350), Young Talents Support Program of Shaanxi Province (20200108), Postdoctoral Innovative Talents Support Program of China (BX20180375), Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China (2019M653960)
More Information
  • 摘要: 可重构电磁超表面是电磁超表面领域广受关注的热点方向。将可控器件/材料引入超表面设计,可重构超表面的电磁调控性能可以实时灵活动态控制。这极大丰富了超表面的功能,有力推动了超表面由理论设计向工程应用突破。近年来该团队持续关注电磁超表面的最新发展,围绕微波频段的可重构超表面,从理论、技术与应用3个层面开展探索研究。该文首先梳理了国内外在该领域的研究历程,然后从可重构超表面对电磁波的幅度、相位和极化特性调控及其应用等方面着手,综述了该团队在该领域的研究成果,并给出对未来工作的展望。

     

  • 图  1  反射型超表面单元可重构的主要方式

    Figure  1.  Reconfigurable methods of reflective metasurfaces

    图  2  电可控Hilbert吸波可重构超表面

    Figure  2.  Electronic controllable Hilbert metasurface absorber

    图  3  电可控Hilbert吸波可重构超表面反射系数

    Figure  3.  Reflectivity of the reconfigurable Hilbert metasurface absorber

    图  4  电可控宽带吸波可重构超表面[54]

    Figure  4.  Electronic controllable broadband reconfigurable absorber[54]

    图  5  电可控宽带吸波可重构超表面反射系数

    Figure  5.  Reflectivity of the reconfigurable absorber

    图  6  1比特相位可重构超表面

    Figure  6.  1-bit phase-reconfigurable metasurface

    图  7  低损耗相位可重构超表面

    Figure  7.  Phase reconfigurable metasurface with low loss

    图  8  超宽带低损耗相位可重构超表面结构

    Figure  8.  Ultra-wideband and low-loss phase reconfigurable metasurface

    图  9  低损耗紧凑型1比特可重构超表面

    Figure  9.  Compact 1 bit reconfigurable metasurface with low loss

    图  10  全空间相位可重构超表面

    Figure  10.  Entire-space phase reconfigurable metasurface

    图  11  X频段超表面编码状态与极化可重构性能

    Figure  11.  Coding matrix and polarization reconfigurable properties of the X-band metasurface

    图  12  宽带线-线极化可重构超表面及其功能

    Figure  12.  Wideband linear-to-linear polarization reconfigurable metasurface and its properties

    图  13  宽带多极化可重构超表面及其功能

    Figure  13.  Wideband multi-polarization reconfigurable metasurface and its properties

    图  14  超宽带多极化可重构超表面单元

    Figure  14.  Ultra-wideband multi-polarization reconfigurable metasurface unit cell

    图  15  超宽带紧凑型多极化可重构超表面单元

    Figure  15.  Ultra-wideband multi- polarization compact reconfigurable metasurface unit cell

    图  16  10×10电控反射阵列天线

    Figure  16.  Electronic controllable 10×10 reflectarray antenna

    图  17  40×40双频电控阵列天线

    Figure  17.  Electronic controllable dual-frequency 40×40 array

    图  18  动态隐身超表面天线

    Figure  18.  Dynamic stealth metasurface antenna

    图  19  低频动态隐身超表面天线

    Figure  19.  Dynamic stealth metasurface antenna at low frequency

    图  20  16×16可重构超表面及产生的涡旋场

    Figure  20.  16×16 reconfigurable metasurface and the generated vortex field

    表  1  电控可重构实现技术

    Table  1.   Technologies for the implementation of electronic control reconfigurability

    参数集总元件功能材料
    PIN二极管压控/变容二极管射频MEMS液晶石墨烯砷化镓
    技术成熟度++00
    偏置复杂度+0+
    控制数字(1 V)模拟(0~30 V)数字(60 V)模拟模拟模拟
    成本++000
    损耗(微波)+
    功耗++0+
    速度+(ns)+(ns)0(ms)+
    线性度0+0
    可用度商用商用多数需定制特殊设备
    注:+:好;0:中;–:差。
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-11-01
  • 修回日期:  2021-01-19
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-02-22
  • 刊出日期:  2021-04-28

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