基于混合极化架构的极化SAR:原理与应用(中英文)

洪文

引用本文:
Citation:

基于混合极化架构的极化SAR:原理与应用(中英文)

    作者简介: 洪文(1968-),女,研究员,1997年毕业于北京航空航天大学,获工学博士学位。研究经历包括北京航空航天大学电子工程系副教授、德国宇航院雷达与微波技术所(DLR-HF)客座研究员等,现为中国科学院电子学研究所研究员,博士生导师,院优秀教师获得者,中科院"百人计划"。主要研究方向为极化/极化干涉SAR处理及应用、3维SAR信号处理、圆迹SAR信号处理以及稀疏微波成像技术。.
    通讯作者: 洪文, whong@mail.ie.ac.cn
  • 基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金(61431018)

Hybrid-polarity Architecture Based Polarimetric SAR: Principles and Applications (in Chinese and in English)

    Corresponding author: Hong Wen, whong@mail.ie.ac.cn
  • Fund Project: The National Natural Science Foundation ofChina (61431018)

  • 摘要: 合成孔径雷达(Synthetic Aperture Radar,SAR)应用性能主要受限于同时获取高分辨与宽测绘幅宽的雷达图像的能力。而对于极化SAR(Polarimetric SAR,PolSAR)系统而言,其测绘幅宽更加受限。近年来,称为混合极化(Hybrid-Polarity,HP)架构的新型极化SAR架构吸引了广泛的注意。相比于传统的线性极化SAR,基于混合极化架构的极化SAR具有两点重要优势:更宽的测绘幅宽与更低的硬件要求。该文首先回顾了包括系统设计、系统模型与定标方法在内的混合极化架构相关原理。接着详细阐述了混合极化架构在定标与发射配置两个方面在工程实现中的难点并提出了一种改进型混合极化架构。与此同时,还介绍了以实验验证为目的而开发的原型实验系统。该文的后半部分回顾了适用于基于混合极化架构的极化SAR的相关应用。由于基于混合极化架构的极化SAR系统产生的全极化数据可以直接转换为传统的线性全极化数据,因此这一部分内容主要集中在对应的双极化应用,即简缩极化(Compact Polarimetry,CP)应用上。
  • [1] Moreira A,Prats-Iraola P,Younis M,et al..A tutorial on synthetic aperture radar.IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Magazine,2013,1(1):6-43.doi:10.1109/MGRS.2013.2248301.
    [2] Ouchi K.Recent trend and advance of synthetic aperture radar with selected topics.Remote Sensing,2013,5(2):716-807.doi:10.3390/RS5020716.
    [3] Curlander J C and McDonough R N.Synthetic Aperture Radar:Systems and Signal Processing.New York,NY,USA:John WileySons,Inc.,1991:303-305.
    [4] Raney R K,Freeman A,and Jordan R L.Improved range ambiguity performance in quad-pol SAR.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2012,50(2):349-356.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2011.2121075.
    [5] Freeman A.A new system model for radar polarimeters.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,1991,29(5):761-767.doi:10.1109/36.83991.
    [6] Touzi R,Livingstone C E,Lafontaine J R C,et al..Consideration of antenna gain and phase patterns for calibration of polarimetric SAR data.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,1993,31(6):1132-1145.doi:10.1109/36.317449.
    [7] Raney R K.Hybrid-polarity SAR architecture.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2007,45(11):3397-3404.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2007.895883.
    [8] Raney R K.Hybrid-quad-pol SAR.2008 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS),Boston,USA,2008,4:IV-491-IV-493.doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2008.4779765.
    [9] Souyris J C,Imbo P,Fjrtoft R,et al..Compact polarimetry based on symmetry properties of geophysical media:The p/4 mode.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2005,43(3):634-646.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2004.842486.
    [10] Stacy N and Preiss M.Compact polarimetric analysis of X-band SAR data.6th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar (EUSAR),Dresden,Germany,2006.
    [11] Nord M E,Ainsworth T L,Lee J S,et al..Comparison of compact polarimetric synthetic aperture radar modes.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2009,47(1):174-188.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2008.2000925.
    [12] Charbonneau F J,Brisco B,Raney R K,et al..Compact polarimetry overview and applications assessment.Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing,2010,36(Suppl.2):S298-S315.doi:10.5589/M10-062.
    [13] Dabboor M and Geldsetzer T.Towards sea ice classification using simulated RADARSAT Constellation Mission compact polarimetric SAR imagery.Remote Sensing of Environment,2014,140:189-195.doi:10.1016/J.RSE.2013.08.035.
    [14] Geldsetzer T,Arkett M,Zagon T,et al..All-season compact-polarimetry C-band SAR observations of sea ice.Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing,2015,41(5):485-504.doi:10.1080/07038992.2015.1120661.
    [15] Geldsetzer T,Charbonneau F,Arkett M,et al..Ocean wind study using simulated RCM compact-polarimetry SAR.Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing,2015,41(5):418-430.doi:10.1080/07038992.2015.1104635.
    [16] Denbina M and Collins M J.Wind speed estimation using C-band compact polarimetric SAR for wide swath imaging modes.ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,2016,113:75-85.doi:10.1016/J.ISPRSJPRS.2016.01.002.
    [17] Williams M L.Potential for surface parameter estimation using compact polarimetric SAR.IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters,2008,5(3):471-473.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2008.918012.
    [18] Truong-LoM L,Freeman A,Dubois-Fernandez P C,et al..Estimation of soil moisture and Faraday rotation from bare surfaces using compact polarimetry.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2009,47(11):3608-3615.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2009.2031428.
    [19] Ouellette J D,Johnson J T,Kim S,et al..A simulation study of compact polarimetry for radar retrieval of soil moisture.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2014,52(9):5966-5973.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2013.2294133.
    [20] Ponnurangam G G,Jagdhuber T,Hajnsek I,et al..Soil moisture estimation using hybrid polarimetric SAR data of RISAT-1.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2016,54(4):2033-2049.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2015.2494860.
    [21] Angelliaume S,Dubois-Fernandez P,and Souyris J C.Compact PolInSAR for vegetation characterisation.2007 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS),Barcelona,Spain,2007:1136-1138.doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2007.4423003.
    [22] Dubois-Fernandez P C,Souyris J C,Angelliaume S,et al..The compact polarimetry alternative for spaceborne SAR at low frequency.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2008,46(10):3208-3222.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2008.919143.
    [23] Wilsen C B,Sarabandi K,and Lin Y C.The effect of tree architecture on the polarimetric and interferometric radar responses.1998 IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS),Seattle,WA,USA,1998,3:1499-1501.doi:10.1109/IGARSS.1998.691536.
    [24] Lavalle M.Full and compact polarimetric radar interferometry for vegetation remote sensing.,UniversitRennes 1,2009:95-128.
    [25] Lavalle M,Solimini D,Pottier E,et al..Compact polarimetric SAR interferometry.IET Radar,SonarNavigation,2010,4(3):449-456.doi:10.1049/IET-RSN.2009.0049.
    [26] 谈璐璐,杨立波,杨汝良.合成孔径雷达简缩极化干涉数据的植被高度反演技术研究.电子与信息学报,2010,32(12):2814-2819.Tan L L,Yang L B,and Yang R L.Investigation on vegetation height retrieval technique with compact PolInSAR data.Journal of ElectronicsInformation Technology,2010,32(12):2814-2819.
    [27] Arnaubec A,Roueff A,Dubois-Fernandez P C,et al..Vegetation height estimation precision with compact PolInSAR and homogeneous random volume over ground model.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2014,52(3):1879-1891.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2013.2256362.
    [28] Guo S,Li Y,Yin Q,et al..Applying the Freeman-Durden decomposition to compact polarimetric SAR Interferometry.2014 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS),Quebec City,Canada,2014:3486-3489.doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2014.6947233.
    [29] Guo S L,Li Y,and Hong W.Model-based target decomposition with p/4 mode compact polarimetry data.Science China:Information Sciences,2016,59(16):062307.doi:10.1007/s11432-015-5478-4.
    [30] 郭胜龙,李洋,尹嫱,等.基于简缩极化干涉SAR数据的森林垂直参数反演.电子信息学报,2016,38(1):71-79.Guo S L,Li Y,Yin Q,et al..Vertical parameters estimation of forest with compact polarimetric SAR interferometry data.Journal of ElectronicsInformation Technology,2016,38(1):71-79.
    [31] 郭胜龙,李洋,杨士林,等.基于模型的p/4模式简缩极化干涉数据目标分解.电子信息学报,2015,37(1):22-28.Guo S L,Li Y,Yang S L,et al..Model-based target decomposition with p/4 mode compact polarimetric SAR interferometric data.Journal of ElectronicsInformation Technology,2015,37(1):22-28.
    [32] Ainsworth T L,Kelly J P,and Lee J S.Classification comparisons between dual-pol,compact polarimetric and quad-pol SAR imagery.ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,2009,64(5):464-471.doi:10.1016/J.ISPRSJPRS.2008.12.008.
    [33] Chen L,Cao F,and Hong W.Unsupervised classification for compact polarimetric SAR data using m-d decomposition,SPAN and the Wishart classifier.The 2nd Asian-Pacific Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar (APSAR)2009,Xian,China,2009:742-745.doi:10.1109/APSAR.2009.5374214.
    [34] Chen L.Investigation on the models and methods of compact polarimetric SAR information processing.,Institute of Electronics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,2013:45-60,69-74,75-98.
    [35] Cloude S R,Goodenough D G,and Chen H.Compact polarimetry for C-band land-use classification:a pre-study for the Canadian Radar Constellation Mission (RCM).SPIE Remote Sensing.International Society for Optics and Photonics,Edinburgh,United Kingdom,2012:853606-853606-14.doi:10.1117/12.973704.
    [36] Panigrahi R and Mishra A K.Unsupervised classification of scattering behaviour using hybrid-polarimetry.IET Radar,SonarNavigation,2013,7(3):270-276.doi:10.1049/IET-RSN.2012.0207.
    [37] Turkar V,De S,Rao Y S,et al..Comparative analysis of classification accuracy for RISAT-1 compact polarimetric data for various land-covers.2013 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS),Melbourne,VIC,Australia,2013:3586-3589.doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2013.6723605.
    [38] Chen S,Guo S,Li Y,et al..Unsupervised classification for hybrid polarimetric SAR data based on scattering mechanisms and Wishart classifier.Electronics Letters,2015,51(19):1530-1532.doi:10.1049/EL.2015.1627.
    [39] Guo S,Tian Y,Li Y,et al..Unsupervised classification based on H/alpha decomposition and Wishart classifier for compact polarimetric SAR.2015 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS),Milan,Italy,2015:1614-1617.doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2015.7326093.
    [40] Zhang H,Xie L,Wang C,et al..Investigation of the capability of decomposition of compact polarimetric SAR.IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters,2014,11(4):868-872.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2013.2280456.
    [41] Aghabalaei A,Maghsoudi Y,and Ebadi H.Forest classification using extracted PolSAR features from compact polarimetry data.Advances in Space Research,2016,57(9):1939-1950.doi:10.1016/J.ASR.2016.02.007.
    [42] Touzi R and Vachon P W.RCM polarimetric SAR for enhanced ship detection and classification.Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing,2015,41(5):473-484.doi:10.1080/07038992.2015.1110010.
    [43] Denbina M and Collins M J.Iceberg detection using compact polarimetric synthetic aperture radar.Atmosphere-Ocean,2012,50(4):437-446.doi:10.1080/07055900.2012.733307.
    [44] Denbina M and Collins M J.Iceberg detection using analysis of the received polarization ellipse in compact polarimetry.2014 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS),Quebec City,Canada,2014:266-269.doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2014.6946408.
    [45] Denbina M,Collins M J,and Atteia G.On the detection and discrimination of ships and icebergs using simulated dual-polarized RADARSAT constellation data.Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing,2015,41(5):1-17.doi:10.1080/07038992.2015.1104630.
    [46] Salberg A B,Rudjord O,and Solberg A H S.Oil spill detection in hybrid-polarimetric SAR images.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2014,52(10):6521-6533.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2013.2297193.
    [47] Li Y,Zhang Y,Chen J,et al..Improved compact polarimetric SAR quad-pol reconstruction algorithm for oil spill detection.IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters,2014,11(6):1139-1142.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2013.2288336.
    [48] Yin J,Moon W,and Yang J.Model-based pseudo-quad-pol reconstruction from compact polarimetry and its application to oil-spill observation.Journal of Sensors,2015.doi:10.1155/2015/734848.
    [49] Nunziata F,Migliaccio M,and Li X.Sea oil slick observation using hybrid-polarity SAR architecture.IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering,2015,40(2):426-440.doi:10.1109/JOE.2014.2329424.
    [50] Li Y,Lin H,Zhang Y,et al..Comparisons of circular transmit and linear receive compact polarimetric SAR features for oil slicks discrimination.Journal of Sensors,2015.doi:10.1155/2015/631561.
    [51] Li H,Perrie W,He Y,et al..Analysis of the polarimetric SAR scattering properties of oil-covered waters.IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing,2015,8(8):3751-3759.doi:10.1109/JSTARS.2014.2348173.
    [52] Shirvany R,Chabert M,and Tourneret J Y.Ship and oil-spill detection using the degree of polarization in linear and hybrid/compact dual-pol SAR.IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing,2012,5(3):885-892.doi:10.1109/JSTARS.2012.2182760.
    [53] Yin J,Yang J,Zhou Z S,et al..The extended bragg scattering model-based method for ship and oil-spill observation using compact polarimetric SAR.IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing,2015,8(8):3760-3772.doi:10.1109/JSTARS.2014.2359141.
    [54] Atteia G E and Collins M J.On the use of compact polarimetry SAR for ship detection.ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,2013,80:1-9.doi:10.1016/J.ISPRSJPRS.2013.01.009.
    [55] Yin J and Yang J.Ship detection by using the M-Chi and M-Delta decompositions.IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)2014,Quebec City,Canada,2014:2738-2741.doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2014.6947042.
    [56] Ballester-Berman J D and Lopez-Sanchez J M.Time series of hybrid-polarity parameters over agricultural crops.IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters,2012,9(1):139-143.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2011.2162312.
    [57] Brisco B,Li K,Tedford B,et al..Compact polarimetry assessment for rice and wetland mapping.International Journal of Remote Sensing,2013,34(6):1949-1964.doi:10.1080/01431161.2012.730156.
    [58] Lopez-Sanchez J M,Vicente-Guijalba F,Ballester-Berman J D,et al..Polarimetric response of rice fields at C-band:Analysis and phenology retrieval.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2014,52(5):2977-2993.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2013.2268319.
    [59] Yang Z,Li K,Liu L,et al..Rice growth monitoring using simulated compact polarimetric C band SAR.Radio Science,2014,49(12):1300-1315.doi:10.1002/2014RS005498.
    [60] Uppala D,Kothapalli R V,Poloju S,et al..Rice crop discrimination using single date RISAT1 hybrid (RH,RV) polarimetric data.Photogrammetric EngineeringRemote Sensing,2015,81(7):557-563.doi:10.14358/PERS.81.7.557.
    [61] Xie L,Zhang H,Wu F,et al..Capability of rice mapping using hybrid polarimetric SAR data.IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing,2015,8(8):3812-3822.doi:10.1109/JSTARS.2014.2387214.
    [62] Raney K,Spudis P D,Bussey B,et al..The lunar mini-RF radars:Hybrid polarimetric architecture and initial results.Proceedings of the IEEE,2011,99(5):808-823.doi:10.1109/JPROC.2010.2084970.
    [63] Misra T and Kirankumar A S.RISAT-1:Configuration and performance evaluation.2014 XXXIth URSI General Assembly and Scientific Symposium (URSI GASS),Beijing,China,2014:1-4.doi:10.1109/URSIGASS.2014.6929612.
    [64] Kankaku Y,Osawa Y,Suzuki S,et al..The overview of the L-band SAR onboard ALOS-2.2009 Proceedings of Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS),Moscow,Russia,2009:735-738.
    [65] Touzi R and Charbonneau F.Requirements on the calibration of hybrid-compact SAR.2014 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS),Quebec City,Canada,2014:1109-1112.doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2014.6946623.
    [66] Thompson A A.Overview of the RADARSAT constellation mission.Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing,2015,41(5):401-407.doi:10.1080/07038992.2015.1104633.
    [67] Raney R K.DESDynI adopts hybrid polarity SAR architecture.2009 IEEE Radar Conference,Pasadena,USA,2009:1-4.doi:10.1109/RADAR.2009.4977046.
    [68] Donnellan A,Rosen P,Graf J,et al..Deformation,ecosystem structure,and dynamics of ice (DESDynI).2008 IEEE Aerospace Conference,Big Sky,MT,USA,2008:1-13.doi:10.1109/AERO.2008.4526249.
    [69] Putrevu D,Das A,Vachhani J G,et al..Chandrayaan-2 dual-frequency SAR:Further investigation into lunar water and regolith.Advances in Space Research,2016,57(2):627-646.doi:10.1016/J.ASR.2015.10.029.
    [70] Freeman A,Dubois-Fernandez P,and Truong-LoM L.Compact polarimetry at longer wavelengths-calibration.7th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar (EUSAR),Friedrichshafen,Germany,2008:1-4.
    [71] Guo S,Zhang J,Li Y,et al..Effects of polarization distortion at transmission and faraday rotation on compact polarimetric SAR system and decomposition.IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters,2015,12(8):1700-1704.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2015.2420116.
    [72] Tan H and Hong J.Correction of transmit crosstalk in reconstruction of quad-pol data from compact polarimetry data.IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters,2015,12(5):1051-1055.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2377491.
    [73] Freeman A.Calibration of linearly polarized polarimetric SAR data subject to Faraday rotation.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2004,42(8):1617-1624.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2004.830161.
    [74] Raney R K.Comments on hybrid-polarity SAR architecture.2007 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS),Barcelona,Spain,2007:2229-2231.doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2007.4423282.
    [75] McKerracher J R,Sequeira H B,Raney R K,et al..Mini-RF calibration,a unique approach to on-orbit synthetic aperture radar system calibration.The 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference,Woodlands,TX,USA,2010:2352-2353.
    [76] Wright P A,Quegan S,Wheadon N S,et al..Faraday rotation effects on L-band spaceborne SAR data.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2003,41(12):2735-2744.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2003.815399.
    [77] Truong-LoM L,Dubois-Fernandez P,Pottier E,et al..Potentials of a compact polarimetric SAR system.2010 IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS),Honolulu,HI,USA,2010:742-745.doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2010.5649036.
    [78] Chen J and Quegan S.Calibration of spaceborne CTLR compact polarimetric low-frequency SAR using mixed radar calibrators.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2011,49(7):2712-2723.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2011.2109065.
    [79] 陈琳,张晶晶,李洋,等.单发双收SAR系统通用极化定标算法.雷达学报,2012,1(3):323-328.Chen L,Zhang J J,Li Y,et al..General calibration algorithm for single-transmitting-dual-receiving polarimetric SAR system.Journal of Radars,2012,1(3):323-328.
    [80] Wang Y,Ainsworth T L,and Lee J S.Assessment of system polarization quality for polarimetric SAR imagery and target decomposition.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2011,49(5):1755-1771.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2010.2087342.
    [81] Lee J S and Pottier E.Polarimetric Radar Imaging:From Basics to Applications.New York,CRC Press,2009:27-28,36-37,59-63.
    [82] Sabry R and Vachon P W.A unified framework for general compact and quad polarimetric SAR data and imagery analysis.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2014,52(1):582-602.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2013.2242479.
    [83] Cloude S R,Goodenough D G,and Chen H.Compact decomposition theory.IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters,2012,9(1):28-32.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2011.2158983.
    [84] PolSAR Pro 5.0 Software,European Space Agency..https://earth.esa.int/web/polsarpro/home,2016.10.13.
    [85] Eltoft T,Doulgeris A P,and Grahn J.Model-based polarimetric decomposition of Arctic sea ice.10th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar (EUSAR),Berlin,Germany,2014.
    [86] Espeseth M M,Brekke C,and Anfinsen S N.Hybrid-polarity and reconstruction methods for sea ice with L-and C-Band SAR.IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters,2016,13(3):467-471.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2016.2519824.
    [87] Espeseth M M.Synthetic aperture radar compact polarimetry for sea ice surveillance.,The Arctic University of Norway,2015:85-124.
    [88] Raney R K.Dual-polarized SAR and stokes parameters.IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters,2006,3(3):317-319.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2006.971746.
    [89] Raney R K,Cahill J T S,Patterson G,et al..The m-chi decomposition of hybrid dual-polarimetric radar data.2012 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS),Munich,Germany,2012:5093-5096.doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2012.6352465.
    [90] Raney R K,Cahill J T S,Patterson G,et al..The m-chi decomposition of hybrid dual-polarimetric radar data with application to lunar craters.Journal of Geophysical Research:Planets,2012,117(E12).doi:10.1029/2011 JE003986.
    [91] Guo R,Liu Y B,Wu Y H,et al..Applying H/a decomposition to compact polarimetric SAR.IET Radar,SonarNavigation,2012,6(2):61-70.doi:10.1049/IET-RSN.2011.0007.
    [92] Freeman A and Durden S L.A three-component scattering model for polarimetric SAR data.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,1998,36(3):963-973.doi:10.1109/36.673687.
    [93] Liu M,Zhang H,and Wang C.Three-component scattering model for compact polarimetric SAR data.Chinese Journal of Radio Science,2012,27(2):365-371.
    [94] Guo R,He W,Zhang S,et al..Analysis of three-component decomposition to compact polarimetric synthetic aperture radar.IET Radar,SonarNavigation,2014,8(6):685-691.doi:10.1049/IET-RSN.2013.0114.
    [95] Ballester-Berman J D and Lopez-Sanchez J M.Applying the Freeman-Durden decomposition concept to polarimetric SAR interferometry.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2010,48(1):466-479.doi:10.1109/TGRS.2009.2024304.
  • [1] 陈琳张晶晶李洋洪文 . 单发双收SAR 系统通用极化定标算法. 雷达学报, 2012, 1(3): 323-328. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1300.2012.20062
    [2] 张晶晶洪文尹嫱 . 基于球形截断协方差矩阵的极化SAR分布式目标稳健定标方法. 雷达学报, 2016, 5(6): 701-710. doi: 10.12000/JR16138
    [3] 陈诗强洪文 . 基于极化轴比参数的圆极化波发射误差分析方法. 雷达学报, 2019, 8(): 1-11. doi: 10.12000/JR19063
    [4] 杨文钟能严天恒杨祥立 . 基于黎曼流形的极化SAR图像分类. 雷达学报, 2017, 6(5): 433-441. doi: 10.12000/JR17031
    [5] 滑文强王爽侯彪 . 基于半监督学习的SVM-Wishart极化SAR图像分类方法. 雷达学报, 2015, 4(1): 93-98. doi: 10.12000/JR14138
    [6] 邹焕新罗天成张月周石琳 . 基于组合条件随机场的极化SAR图像监督地物分类. 雷达学报, 2017, 6(5): 541-553. doi: 10.12000/JR16109
    [7] 张向荣于心源唐旭侯彪焦李成 . 基于马尔科夫判别谱聚类的极化SAR图像分类方法. 雷达学报, 2019, 8(4): 425-435. doi: 10.12000/JR19059
    [8] 张腊梅张思雨董洪伟朱厦 . 基于Pinball损失函数支持向量机的极化SAR图像鲁棒分类. 雷达学报, 2019, 8(4): 448-457. doi: 10.12000/JR19055
    [9] 计科峰王海波冷祥光邢相薇康利鸿 . 星载简缩极化SAR船舶目标检测技术研究. 雷达学报, 2016, 5(6): 607-619. doi: 10.12000/JR16083
    [10] 邢艳肖张毅李宁王宇胡桂香 . 一种联合特征值信息的全极化SAR图像监督分类方法. 雷达学报, 2016, 5(2): 217-227. doi: 10.12000/JR16019
    [11] 张杰张晰范陈清孟俊敏 . 极化SAR在海洋探测中的应用与探讨. 雷达学报, 2016, 5(6): 596-606. doi: 10.12000/JR16124
    [12] 卜运成王宇张福博冀广宇陈龙永梁兴东 . 基于子空间正交的阵列干涉SAR系统相位中心位置定标方法. 雷达学报, 2018, 7(3): 335-345. doi: 10.12000/JR18007
    [13] 孙翔宋红军王宇李宁 . 基于高分辨率全极化SAR图像的取向角校正方法. 雷达学报, 2018, 7(4): 465-474. doi: 10.12000/JR18026
    [14] 祝晓静李飞王宇王伟孙翔 . 基于改进方位相位编码的全极化SAR距离模糊抑制方法. 雷达学报, 2017, 6(4): 420-431. doi: 10.12000/JR17015
    [15] 孟藏珍袁定波许稼彭石宝王晓军 . 基于神经网络分类的异类传感器目标关联算法. 雷达学报, 2012, 1(4): 399-405. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1300.2012.20087
    [16] 曾涛殷丕磊杨小鹏范华剑 . 分布式全相参雷达系统时间与相位同步方案研究. 雷达学报, 2013, 2(1): 105-110. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1300.2012.20104
    [17] 王沛孙慧峰禹卫东 . 一种新颖的星载SAR无线内定标方法研究. 雷达学报, 2018, 7(4): 425-436. doi: 10.12000/JR18005
    [18] 杨汝良戴博伟李海英 . 极化合成孔径雷达极化层次和系统工作方式. 雷达学报, 2016, 5(2): 132-142. doi: 10.12000/JR16013
    [19] 吴鹏飞许小剑 . 地面平面场RCS 测量异地定标误差分析. 雷达学报, 2012, 1(1): 58-62. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1300.2013.10065
    [20] 徐丰王海鹏金亚秋 . 深度学习在SAR目标识别与地物分类中的应用. 雷达学报, 2017, 6(2): 136-148. doi: 10.12000/JR16130
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1195
  • HTML浏览量:  453
  • PDF下载量:  1000
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-05-17
  • 录用日期:  2016-08-12
  • 刊出日期:  2016-12-28

基于混合极化架构的极化SAR:原理与应用(中英文)

    通讯作者: 洪文, whong@mail.ie.ac.cn
    作者简介: 洪文(1968-),女,研究员,1997年毕业于北京航空航天大学,获工学博士学位。研究经历包括北京航空航天大学电子工程系副教授、德国宇航院雷达与微波技术所(DLR-HF)客座研究员等,现为中国科学院电子学研究所研究员,博士生导师,院优秀教师获得者,中科院"百人计划"。主要研究方向为极化/极化干涉SAR处理及应用、3维SAR信号处理、圆迹SAR信号处理以及稀疏微波成像技术。
  • 1. (微波成像技术国家重点实验室 北京 100190)
  • 2. (中国科学院电子学研究所 北京 100190)
  • 3. (中国科学院大学 北京 100049)
基金项目:  国家自然科学基金(61431018)

摘要: 合成孔径雷达(Synthetic Aperture Radar,SAR)应用性能主要受限于同时获取高分辨与宽测绘幅宽的雷达图像的能力。而对于极化SAR(Polarimetric SAR,PolSAR)系统而言,其测绘幅宽更加受限。近年来,称为混合极化(Hybrid-Polarity,HP)架构的新型极化SAR架构吸引了广泛的注意。相比于传统的线性极化SAR,基于混合极化架构的极化SAR具有两点重要优势:更宽的测绘幅宽与更低的硬件要求。该文首先回顾了包括系统设计、系统模型与定标方法在内的混合极化架构相关原理。接着详细阐述了混合极化架构在定标与发射配置两个方面在工程实现中的难点并提出了一种改进型混合极化架构。与此同时,还介绍了以实验验证为目的而开发的原型实验系统。该文的后半部分回顾了适用于基于混合极化架构的极化SAR的相关应用。由于基于混合极化架构的极化SAR系统产生的全极化数据可以直接转换为传统的线性全极化数据,因此这一部分内容主要集中在对应的双极化应用,即简缩极化(Compact Polarimetry,CP)应用上。

English Abstract

参考文献 (95)

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回